Peto argued that instead of motor disordered children receiving special therapies, they could improve through the normal process of learning and practicing. Peto was the first to consider disability as an educational challenge and not as a medical problem.

Conductive Education is therefore not a therapy or set of exercises but an educational system, of which the individual is an active participant.

Conductive Education encourages the individual to take responsibility for his/her own movement. This allows improved active participation in home, school and other social environments.

Some of the general conductive aims are to teach ways and techniques to overcome the difficulties caused by their condition; to promote active participation and independence; to improve confidence and self-esteem.

It is very important that the expectation and encouragement instilled in sessions continues at home and at school, the participant will make much quicker progress this way and will learn to want to do things for themselves. Practice is a vital part to this process.